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Competing Countries

Oceania

Australia
Population19,822,405
CapitalCanberra
LanguageEnglish
ReligionProtestant, Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Islam
GeneralAustralia is the world's leading wool producer. Minerals have overtaken agricultural produce as an export earner - iron ore, bauxite, nickel, uranium, gold, zinc, coal, petroleum and natural gas. Tourism continues to grow.

Cook Islands
Population20,407
CapitalAvarua on Rarotonga
LanguageEnglish, Maori
ReligionProtestant, Roman Catholic
GeneralA group of coral atolls and volcanic islands in the south-west Pacific Ocean. The main island is Rarotonga. Tourism is important to the economy.

Fiji
Population823,376
CapitalSuva
LanguageEnglish, Fijian, Hindustani
ReligionHindi Protestant, Hindu, Roman Catholic, Sunni Muslim
GeneralFiji comprises two main islands of volcanic origin and over 300 smaller islands in the south Pacific Ocean. The climate is tropical and the economy is based on agriculture (chiefly sugar - the main export), fishing, forestry, gold mining and tourism.

Kiribati
Population87,025
CapitalTarawa
LanguageI-Kiribati (Gilbertese), English
ReligionRoman Catholic, Protestant, Baha'i, Mormon
GeneralKiribati comprises 32 coral islands, which straddle the equator in the Pacific Ocean. The climate is hot and wetter in the north.

Nauru
Population11,000
CapitalNauru
LanguageNauruan, English
ReligionProtestant, Roman Catholic
GeneralNauru is a coral island in the South Pacific Ocean, with a fertile coastal strip, barren central plateau and a tropical climate. The economy is based on phosphate mining.

New Zealand
Population3,817,000
CapitalWellington
LanguageEnglish, Maori
ReligionRoman Catholic, Protestant
GeneralConsists of two main islands separated by Cook Strait. Farming is the mainstay of the economy. New Zealand is one of the world's leading producers of meat, wool and dairy products. Tourism is the largest foreign exchange earner.

Niue
Population2,000
CapitalAlofi
LanguageEnglish, Poynesian (Niuean)
ReligionProtestant, Roman Catholic
GeneralNiue has steep limestone cliffs along the coast and central plains. The climate is tropical, modified by south-east trade winds. The economy consists mainly of small factories to process passionfruit, lime oil, honey and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue.

Norfolk Island
Population1,912
CapitalKingston
LanguageEnglish
ReligionProtestant, Roman Catholic
GeneralTourism is the major industry. Climate is sub-tropical with annual rainfall of 1,200mm falling mainly in winter.

Papua New Guinea
Population4,200,000
CapitalPort Moresby
LanguageEnglish (official) and Tok Pisin (Pidgin); 715 indigenous languages
ReligionProtestant, Roman Catholic, many local beliefs
GeneralPapua New Guinea has a forested and mountainous interior bordered by swampy plains; and a tropical monsoon climate. Most of the workforce are farmers. Timber, copra, coffee and cocoa are important, but exports are dominated by minerals, chiefly copper and gold.

Samoa
Population235,302
CapitalApia
LanguageSamoan, English
ReligionProtestant, Roman Catholic, Mormon
GeneralSamoa consists of two main islands and seven small islands in the South Pacific Ocean. The economy is based on agriculture, with some fishing and light manufacturing. Traditional exports are coconut products, timber, taro, cocoa and fruit.

Solomon Islands
Population470,000
CapitalHoniara
LanguageEnglish, Melanesian, Pidgin, 120 indigenous languages
ReligionProtestant, Roman Catholic
GeneralThe six main islands are volcanic, mountainous and forested. The climate is hot and humid. Subsistence farming and fishing predominate. Exports include fish, timber, copra and palm oil.

Tonga
Population109,959
CapitalNuku'alofa
LanguageTongan, English
ReligionProtestant, Roman Catholic, Mormon
GeneralTonga comprises some 170 islands in the south Pacific Ocean. The climate is warm with good rainfall, and the economy relies heavily on agriculture. Exports include coconut products, root crops, bananas and vanilla. Fishing, tourism and light industry are increasingly important.

Tuvalu
Population12,000
CapitalFunafuti
LanguageTuvaluan, English (official)
ReligionProtestant
GeneralTuvalu comprises nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean. One-third of the population lives on Funafuti and most people depend on subsistence farming and fishing. The islands export copra, stamps and clothing.

Vanuatu
Population192,848
CapitalPort Vila
LanguageEnglish, Bislama (English Creole), French (all official)
ReligionProtestant, Roman Catholic, traditional beliefs.
GeneralVanuatu occupies an archipelago of some 80 islands in Oceania. The climate is tropical with heavy rainfall. The majority of people live by farming. Copra, beef, Seashells, cocoa and timber are the main exports. Tourism is growing.